Biogas Research Center, Hankyong National University1
Keyword: Pig slurry. Liquid composting. Mass balance. Organic degradation. Ammonia volatilization.
1. Acharya, C.N. 1935. Studies on the anaerobic decomposition of plant materials: The decomposition of plant substances of varying composition. Biochem. J. 29:1459.
2. APHA (American Public Health Association). 1998. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th Ed. Washington, D.C.
3. Chantigny, M.H., D.A. Angers, G. Bélanger, P. Rochette, N. Eriksen-Hamel, S. Bittman, K. Buckley, D. Massé, and M.-O. Gasser. 2008. Yield and nutrient export of grain corn fertilized with raw and treated liquid swine manure. Agron. J. 100:1303-1309.
4. Chantigny, M.H., D.A. Angers, P. Rochette, G. Bélanger, D. Massé, and D. Côté. 2007. Gaseous nitrogen emissions and forage nitrogen uptake on soils fertilized with raw and treated swine manure. J. Environ. Qual. 36:1864-1872.
5. Chantigny, M.H., P. Rochette, D.A. Angers, D. Massé, and D. Côté. 2004. Ammonia volatilization and selected soil characteristics following application of anaerobically digested pig slurry. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 68:306-312.
6. Daverede, I.C., A.N. Kravchenko, R.G. Hoeft, E.D. Nafziger, D.G. Bullock, J.J. Warren, and L.C. Gonzini. 2004. Phosphorus runoff from incorporated and surface-applied liquid swine manure and phosphorus fertilizer. J. Environ. Qual. 33:1535-1544.
7. Glathe, H. and W. Seidel. 1937. Untersuchungen über die aufbewahrung des stalldüngers unter streng anaeroben bedingungen. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 5:118-128.
8. Hansen, K.H., I. Angelidaki, and B.K. Ahring. 1998. Anaerobic digestion of swine manure: inhibition by ammonia. Water Res. 32(1):5-12.
9. Harris, D.C. 2010. Quantitative chemical analysis. Macmillan.
10. Jansson, S.L. and F.E. Clark. 1952. Losses of nitrogen during decomposition of plant material in the presence of inorganic nitrogen. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 16:330-334.
11. Jung, K.Y., N.J. Cho, and Y.G. Jeong. 1998. Comparison of liquid composting efficiency using liquid pig manure in different condition. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 17(4):301-305.
12. Kim, M.K., S.I. Kwon, S.S. Kang, G.B. Jung, S.C. Hong, M.J. Chae, and K.H. So. 2012. Minimizing nutrient loading from SCB treated paddy rice fields through water management. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 45(5):671-675.
13. Kim, M.K., S.I. Kwon, H.C. Chun, G.B. Jung, and K.K. Kang. 2013. Impacts of pig manure-based liquid fertilizer agricultural application on the water quality of agricultural catchment. J. Environ. Prot. 4:195-200.
14. Kirchmann, H. 1985. Losses, plant uptake and utilisation of manure nitrogen during a production cycle. Acta Agric. Scand. Suppl. 24:1-77.
15. Kirchmann, H. and E. Witter. 1989. Ammonia volatilization during aerobic and anaerobic manure decomposition. Plant Soil 115:35-41.
16. KPPA (Korea Pork Producers Association). 2014. The management actual condition survey for the pig farmhouse in 2014 (in Korean).
17. Kwon, Y.R., J. Kim, B.K. Ahn, and S.B. Lee. 2010 Effect of liquid pig manure and systematic fertilizer on rice growth, yield, and quality. Korean J. Environ. Agric. 29(1):54-60.
18. Lee, J.H., W.R. Go, A. Kunhikrishnan, J.H. Yoo, J.Y. Kim, and W.I. Kim. 2011. Chemical composition and heavy metal contents in commercial liquid pig manures. Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44(6):1085-1088.
19. MAFRA (Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs), ME (Ministry of Environment), NACF (National Agricultural Cooperative Federation). 2009. Standard design of livestock manure utilizing facility (in Korean).
20. MAFRA (Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs). 2013. Resource recovery measures of livestock manure for the mid and long term (in Korean).
21. McCormick, R.A., D.W. Nelson, A.L. Sutton, and D.M. Huber. 1984. Increased n efficiency from nitrapyrin added to liquid swine manure used as a fertilizer for corn. Agron. J. 76:1010-1014.
22. Park, J.M., T.J. Lim, S.B. Kang, I.B. Lee, and Y.I. Kang. 2010. Effect of pig slurry fertigation on soil chemical properties and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43(5):610-615.
23. Russell, E. and E. Richards. 1917. The changes taking place during the storage of farmyard manure. J. Agric. Sci. 8:495-563.
24. Shin, D.E., D.A. Kim, J.S. shin, K.C. Song, J.K. Lee, S.H. Yun, W.H. Kim, and J.G. Kim. 1998. Studies on the slurry-application of winter rye. J. Korean Grassl. Sci. 18(3):243-250.
25. Tabbara, H. 2003. Phosphorus loss to runoff water twenty-four hours after application of liquid swine manure or fertilizer. J. Environ. Qual. 32:1044-1052.
26. Tenney, F.G. and S.A. Waksman. 1930. Composition of natural organic materials and their decomposition in the soil: V. Decomposition of various chemical constituents in plant materials, under anaerobic conditions. Soil Sci. 30:143.
27. Westerman, P.W., J.R. Bicudo, and A. Kantardjieff. 2000. Upflow biological aerated filters for the treatment of flushed swine manure. Bioresour. Technol. 74:181-190.
28. Whalen, S.C. 2000. Nitrous oxide emission from an agricultural soil fertilized with liquid swine waste or constituents. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 64:781-789.
29. Yoon, Y.M., Y.J. Kim, and C.H. Kim. 2009. Economical efficiency analysis for the resource utilization method (compost and liquid fertilizer) of piggery biomass. Rural Econ. 31(6):39-62 (in Korean).